Erik the Red is credited with being the first European to settle on the island sometime during the 10th century. He did this after being exiled from Norway and fleeing to Iceland for his father’s crime of manslaughter. Three hundred years later, the Inuit’s arrived and began settling on other parts of the coast. For unknown reasons, likely the harsh weather conditions on the island, they abandoned their settlements in the 15th century. Danish-Norwegians arrived in the 18th century and made attempts to locate the lost Nordic settlements. On January 14th, 1814, Greenland became a Danish colony. Both Nazi Germany and the United States occupied the country during World War II before it finally became a part of the Kingdom of Denmark in 1953. Responsibility for their own internal affairs was granted by Denmark in 2009, but the Danes continue to handle the countries foreign affairs and defense.